Swelling of the arm, leg or other body most often is a symptom of a chronic, advanced disease.
People usually complain of leg swelling, particularly in the feet, ankles and knees, which can be caused by the heat during the summer months, but also can mean something more dangerous.
In any case, it is best to contact your doctor in order to determine the exact cause of the swollen legs and to be able to get the right treatment.
Causes of swelling
– Cardiac diseases, among which the most common is the heart failure, cardiomyopathy after previous heart attack …
– Renal disease – a disorder of the renal function, which, as more pronounced, is causing a greater fluid retention. Another way of swelling is the loss of proteins through the kidneys.
– Varicose Veins
– Disruption of the lymphatic drainage – Lymphedema is lymphatic fluid in the tissue that accumulates due to the absence of lymphatic vessels, problems with the lymphatic vessels or after the removal of lymph nodes
– Diseases of the thyroid gland, especially hypothyroidism
– In women swelling can occur as part of PMS, premenstrual syndrome, due to imbalance of estrogen and progesterone
– Injuries of the foot or ankle can lead to swelling. The most common is the sprain of the ankle , which occurs when the injury or misstep causes abnormal stretching of ligaments of the joint
– Swelling of the feet and ankles can be a sign of infection. People with diabetic neuropathy or other nerve problems of the foot are subject to greater risk for foot infections
– Blood clots that can be formed in the veins can stop the reverse flow of blood from the legs back to the heart and cause swelling of the ankles and the feet. Blood clots can be surface (seen in veins just under the skin) or high (a condition known as deep vein thrombosis). Deep clots can block one or more major veins on the legs.
These blood clots can be life-threatening if are released and arrive to the heart and the lungs. If you have swelling in one leg, with pain, mild fever, and maybe a change in the color of the affected leg, immediately call a doctor. The treatment of blood thinners are sometimes applied in these cases.
– Liver disease can affect the production of the protein albumin in the liver, which prevent leakage of the blood from the blood vessels to the surrounding tissues. Inadequate production of albumin may lead to fluid leaks. The gravity causes fluid accumulation in the legs and the joints, or the fluid can be accumulated in the stomach and the chest. If the swelling is accompanied by other symptoms, including fatigue, loss of appetite and weight, consult your doctor immediately.
– Swelling of the ankles and the feet is normal during the pregnancy. A sudden or too big swelling, may be a sign of pre-eclampsia, the serious condition where the high blood pressure and the protein in the urine occur after the 20th week of the pregnancy. If you have severe swelling or swelling accompanied by other symptoms such as headache, abdominal pain, rarely urinate, feel nausea and vomiting, or you notice changes in the eyesight, immediately call a doctor
– Many medications can cause swelling of the feet and ankles as a side effect.
The therapy is based on the treatment of diseases that led to the appearance of the swelling. In addition to treating the diseases, for the patients are prescribed and diuretics, which improve the excretion of fluids from the body through the kidneys.